Planetary Magnetospheres Branch (Code 695)

Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics

NASA / Goddard Space Flight Center

Greenbelt Maryland USA

**
**

N. Gopalswamy: |
Refereed Journals, Proceedings, Meeting Abstracts |

S. Yashiro: |
Refereed Journals,
Proceedings,
Meeting Abstracts |

H. Xie: |
Refereed Journals,
Proceedings,
Meeting Abstracts |

S. Akiyama: |
Refereed Journals,
Proceedings,
Meeting Abstracts |

P. Mäkelä: |
Refereed Journals,
Proceedings,
Meeting Abstracts |

N. Thakur: |
Refereed Journals,
Proceedings,
Meeting Abstracts |

C. Kay: |
Refereed Journals,
Proceedings,
Meeting Abstracts |

H. Xie, P. Mäkelä, N. Gopalswamy, and O. C. St. Cyr

accepted for Journal of Geophysical Reserch

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

P. Mäkelä, N. Gopalswany, M. J. Reiner, S. Akiyama and V. Krupar

accepted for publication in The Astrophysical Journal on June 20, 2016.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from arXiv.

P. Mäkelä, N. Gopalswany, and S. Yashiro

accepted for publication in Space Weather on May 4, 2016.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Nat Gopalswamy, Sachiko Akiyama, Pertti Mäkelä, Seiji Yashiro, and Iver H. Cairns

contributed paper to b presented at the URSI Asia-Pacific Radio Science Conference in Seoul, August 21-25, 2016

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from arXiv.

Nat Gopalswamy

invited paper to the URSI Asia-Pacific Radio Science Conference in Seoul, August 21-25, 2016

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from arXiv.

Nat Gopalswamy

invited paper to the URSI Asia-Pacific Radio Science Conference in Seoul, August 21-25, 2016

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from arXiv.

Nat Gopalswamy, Seiji Yashiro, and Sachiko Akiyama

Accepted for publication in ApJ Lett. on May 6, 2016

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from arXiv.

N. Thakur, N. Gopalswamy, P. Mäkelä, S. Akiyama,
S. Yashiro, and H. Xie

Accepted for Solar Physics, March, 2016

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Nat Gopalswamy

Accepted for Publication in Geoscience Letters, February 10, 2016

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Toshitada Tsuda, Marianna Shepherd and Nat Gopalswamy

Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015, 2, 28

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Nat Gopalswamy, P. Mäkelä, Sachiko Akiyama, Seiji Yashiro, and N. Thakur

Accepted for publication in Sun and Geosphere, September 12, 2015

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Nat Gopalswamy, Sachiko Akiyama, Seiji Yashiro, Hong Xie, P. Mäkelä, and Grzegorz Michalek

the Proc. 14th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium on
'Bridging the gap between applications and research involving
ionospheric and space weather disciplines' May 12-14, 2015,
Alexandria, VA

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from arXiv.

N. Gopalswamy, P. Mäkelä, S. Yashiro, H. Xie, S. Akiyama, and N. Thakur

Accepted for publication in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, July 21, 2015

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, and S. Akiyama

Accepted for publication in the Astrophysical Journal, July 14, 2015

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Nat Gopalswamy, Bruce Tsurutani, and Yihua Yan

Progress in Earth and Planetary Science, accepted on April 13, 2015

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, H. Xie, S. Akiyama, P. Mäkelä, S. Yashiro,
and G. Michalek

Accepted for

Abstract publication in the Astrophysical Journal, April 7, 2015

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

P. Mäkelä, N. Gopalswamy, S. Akiyama, H. Xie, and S. Yashiro

Accepted for publication in the Astrophysical Journal, April 7, 2015

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, P. Mäkelä, S. Akiyama, S. Yashiro,
H. Xie, N. Thakur, and S. W. Kahler

Accepted for publication in the Astrophysical Journal, March 31, 2015

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from arXiv.

N. Gopalswamy

In "Solar Prominences", edited by J.-C. Vial & O. Engvold,
Springer, in press (2014)

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, H. Xie, S. Akiyama, P. Mäkelä, and S. Yashiro

Earth, Planets and Space, Volume 66, article id. 104, 2014

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

S. Yashiro, N. Gopalswamy, P. Mäkelä, S. Akiyama, W. Uddin,
A.K. Srivastava, N.C. Joshi, R. Chandra, P.K. Manoharan,
K. Mahalakshmi, V.C. Dwivedi, R. Jain, A.K. Awasthi, N.V. Nitta,
M. J. Aschwanden, and D. P. Choudhary

Advances in Space Research, Volume 54, Issue 9, p. 1941-1948, 2014

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Thakur, N. Gopalswamy, H. Xie, P. Mäkelä,
S. Yashiro, S. Akiyama, and J. M. Davila

The Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 790, article id. L13, 2014

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Akiyama, S. Yashiro, H. Xie, P. Mäkelä,
and G. Michalek

Geophys. Res. Lett. Vol. 41, Issue 8, pp.2673-2680. 2014

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy and P. Mäkelä

Proceedings of: 12th Annual International Astrophysical Conference,
ASP Conference Series, ed. Q. Hu and G. Zank, in press, 2013

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, P. Mäkelä, H. Xie, and S. Yashiro

Space Weather, in press, 2013

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Sachiko AKIYAMA, Nat GOPALSWAMY, Seiji YASHIRO, and Pertti MÄKELÄ

Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, accepted

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Nat Gopalswamy and Seiji Yashiro

Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, accepted

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Grzegorz Michalek and Seiji Yashiro

Advances in Space Research, 52, 521, 2013

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, T. Nieves-Chinchilla, M. Hidalgo, J. Zhang, P. Riley,
L. van Driel- Gesztelyi, and C.H. Mandrini

Solar Physics, 284, 1, 2013

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Yashiro, S., Gopalswamy, N., Mäkelä, P., and, Akiyama, S.

Solar Physics, 284, 5, 2013

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, H. Xie, S. Akiyama, S. Yashiro, I. G. Usoskin, and J. M. Davila

Astrophys. J. Lett., 765, L30, 2013

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, P. Mäkelä, G. Michalek, K. Shibasaki, and D. H. Hathaway

The Astrophysical Journal, in press

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

H. Xie, N. Gopalswamy, O.C. St. Cyr

Solar Physics, 284, 47, 2013

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

P. Mäkelä, N. Gopalswamy, H. Xie, A. A. Mohamed, S. Akiyama, S. Yashiro

Solar Physics, 284, 59, 2013

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, H. Xie, P. Mäkelä, S. Yashiro, S. Akiyama, W. Uddin.,
A. K. Srivastava, N. C. Joshi, R. Chandra, P. K. Manoharan, K. Mahalakshmi,
V. C. Dwivedi, R. Jain and A. K. Awasthi, N. V. Nitta, M. J. Aschwanden, D. P. Choudhary

Adv. Space Res., 51, 1981, 2013

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, P. Mäkelä, S. Akiyama, H. Xie, S. Yashiro, and A. A. Reinard

Solar Physics, 284, 17, 2013

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Watanachak Poomvises, Nat Gopalswamy, Seiji Yashiro, Ryun Young Kwon,
Oscar Olmedo

The Astrophysical Journal, Vol 758, Issue 2, p118, 2012

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Ryun-Young Kwon, Jongchul Chae, Joseph M. Davila, Jie Zhang, Yong-Jae Moon,
Watanachak Poomvises, & Shaela I. Jones

The Astrophysical Journal, Vol 757, Issue 2, p167, 2012

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy

INQUIRIES OF HEAVEN, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 29, 2012 DAY 8, IAU General assembly, 2012

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Nat Gopalswamy

the Proc. Solar Wind 13, 2012

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, P. Mäkelä, S. Akiyama, S. Yashiro, H. Xie, R. J. MacDowall, and M. L. Kaiser

Journal of Geophysical Research, 2012, 117, A08, CiteID:A08106.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Nat Gopalswamy

American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, Proc.
11th International Astrophysical Conference, edited by Q. Hu, G. Li,
G. P. Zank, G. Fry, X. Ao, and J. Adams, 2012 (in press)

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

S, W. Kahler, S. Akiyama, and N. Gopalswamy

The Astrophysical Journal, 754, 100, 2012

Abstract

N. Gopalswamy, H. Xie, S. Yashiro, S. Akiyama, P. Mäkelä, and I. G. Usoskin

Space Science Reviews, in press, 2012

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Nat Gopalswamy, Pertti Mäkelä, Seiji Yashiro, and Joseph M. Davila

Sun and Geosphere, 2012, 7(1), pp 7-11.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from NASA/ADS.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, P. Mäkelä, G. Michalek, K. Shibasaki, and D. H. Hathaway

The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 750, L42, 2012

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

H. Xie, D. Odstrcil, L. Mays, O. C. St. Cyr, N. Gopalswamy, and H. Cremades

Journal of Geophysical Research, 2012, 117, A4, CiteID A04105

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Pankaj Kumar, K.-S. Cho, S.-C. Bong, Sung-Hong Park, and Y. H. Kim

The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 746, Issue 1, article id. 67 (2012)

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from NASA/ADS.

Katsuhide Marubashi, Kyung-Suk Cho, Yeon-Han Kim, Yong-Deuk Park,
and Sung-Hong Park

Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume 117, Issue A1, CiteID A01101

Abstract

Nat Gopalswamy, Nariaki Nitta, Sachiko Akiyama, Pertti Mäkelä, and Seiji Yashiro

The Astrophysical Journal, 744, 72, 2012

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from NASA/ADS.

Nat Gopalswamy

in Proc. Tenth annual Astrophysics Conf., ed. J. Heerikhuisen, G. Li, and G. Zank,
American Institute of Physics, in press.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Nat Gopalswamy, Joseph M. Davila, Frédéric Auchère, Jesper Schou, Clarence Korendike,
Albert Shih, Janet C. Johnston, Robert J. MacDowall, Milan Maksimovic, Edward Sittler,
Adam Szabo, Richard Wesenberg, Suzanne Vennerstrom, and Bernd Heber

SPIE (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers), accepted

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Nat Gopalswamy and Seiji Yashiro

The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 736, L17, 2011

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy

Accepted for Publication in the book Planetary Radio Emissions VII, Eds. Rucker, H. O., W. S. Kurth, P. Louarn, G. Fischer, Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, in press (2011)

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

P. Mäkelä, N. Gopalswamy, S. Akiyama, H. Xie, and S. yashiro

Journal of Geophysical Research, 2011, 116, A8, CiteID A08101

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Gopalswamy, N.

In: The Sun, the Solar Wind, and the Heliosphere, ed. M. P. Miralles and
J. Sanchez Almeida, IAGA Special Sopron Book Series, Vol 4, Chapter 2,
Springer, pp 9-20, 2011 DOI: 10.1007/978/90-481-9787-3_2

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, J.Davila, O. C. St. Cyr, E. Sittler, F. Auchere, T. Duvall,
T. Hoeksema, M. Maksimovic, R. MacDowall, A. Szabo, and M. Collier

Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 73, 658, 2011

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy and P. Mäkelä

Central European Astrophysics Bulletin, 2011, 35, pp71-82

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

A. Kilcik, V. B. Yurchyshyn, V. Abramenko, P. R. Goode, N. Gopalswamy, A. Ozguc, and J. P. Rozelot

The Astrophysical Journal, 727, 44, 2011

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from NASA/ADS.

R.-S. Kim, K.-S. Cho, Y.-J. Moon, M. Dryer, J. Lee, Y. Yi, K.-H. Kim,
H. Wang, Y.-D. Park, and Yong Ha Kim

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 115, A12108, doi:10.1029/2010JA015322, 2010

Abstract

N. Gopalswamy

Proceedings of the 20th Slovak National Solar Physics Workshop, ed. I.
Dorotovic, Slovak Central Observatory, pp. 108 - 130, 2010

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Gopalswamy, N., Xie, H., Yashiro, S., and Usoskin, I.

Indian Journal of Radio & Space Physics 39, pp. 240-248, 2010

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy and P. Mäkelä

Astrophysical Journal Letters 721, L62-L66, 2010

Abstract

Gopalswamy, N.

in Heliophysical Processes, ed. N. Gopalswamy, S. S. Hasan, A. Ambastha, Springer, 53 - 71, 2010

Abstract

N. Gopalswamy, W.T. Thompson, J.M. Davila, M.L. Kaiser, S. Yashiro,
P. Mäkelä, G. Michalek, J.-L. Bougeret & R.A. Howard

Solar Phys. 259, 227, 2009

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, S.Akiyama S.Yashiro, G.Michalek, R.P.Lepping,

J. of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 71, pp. 1005-1009, 2009

Abstract

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, G. Michalek, H. Xie, P. Mäkelä, A. Vourlidas, R. A. Howard

Sun and Geosphere, Vol.4 - No.1 - 2009, in press

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Gopalswamy, N.

Proceeding of the 2009 International Conference on Space Science and
Communication, 26-27 October 2009, Port Dickson, Negeri Sembilan,
Malaysia, pp 5-10, DOI: 10.1109/ICONSPACE.2009.5352679.

Abstract

Nat Gopalswamy

in Solar and Stellar Variability: Impact on Earth and Planets,
Proceedings IAU Symposium No. 264, 2009, H. Andrei, A. Kosovichev &
J.-P. Rozelot, eds.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, P. Mäkelä, H. Xie, S. Akiyama and S.Yashiro

Solar Wind 12, American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings,
in press, 2009

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Akiyama, S. Yashiro, and P. Mäkelä

To appear in "Magnetic Coupling between the Interior and the Atmosphere of the Sun",
eds. S. S. Hasan and R. J. Rutten, Astrophysics and Space Science
Proceedings, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Berlin, 2009.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from arXiv.

N. Gopalswamy, P. Mäkelä, H. Xie, S. Akiyama, and S. Yashiro

J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 114, A00A22, doi:10.1029/2008JA013686, 2009

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, G. Michalek, G. Stenborg, A. Vourlidas,
S. Freeland, and R. Howard

Earth, Moon, and Planets, Volume 104, Issue 1, Page 295, 2009

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Nat Gopalswamy

Earth, Planets and Space (EPS), 61, 1-3, 2009

Abstract

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, M. Temmer, J. Davila, W. T. Thompson,
S. Jones, R. T. J. McAteer, J.-P. Wuelser, S. Freeland, and
R. A. Howard

Astrophys. J. Lett., 2009, Vol 691, L123-L127.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Nat Gopalswamy, Seiji Yashiro, Hong Xie, Sachiko Akiyama, and Pertti Makela

Advances in Geosciences, Vol. 21, 71, 2008

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 114, A00A00, doi:10.1029/2008JA014026, 2009

Abstract

N. Gopalswamy and H. Xie

J. Geophys. Res., 113, A10105, doi:10.1029/2008JA013030, 2008

Abstract

M. J. Owens, N. U. Crooker, N. A. Schwadron, T. S. Horbury,
S. Yashiro, H. Xie, O. C. St. Cyr, and N. Gopalswamy

Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L20108, doi:10.1029/2008GL035813., 2008

Abstract

J. M. Schmidt and N. Gopalswamy,

J. Geophys. Res., 113, A08104, doi:10.1029/2007JA013002, 2008

Abstract

N. Gopalswamy, A. Dal Lago, S. Yashiro and S. Akiyama

Cent. Eur. Astrophys. Bull. vol (2008) 1, 10, in press

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Akiyama and S. Yashiro

Universal Heliophysical Processes, Proc. IAU Symposium 257,
N. Gopalswamy, & D. Webb, eds. in press (2008)

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Seiji Yashiro and Nat Gopalswamy

Universal Heliophysical Processes, Proc. IAU Symposium 257,
N. Gopalswamy, & D. Webb, eds. in press (2008)

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy

J. of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics (2008), doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2008.06.010

Abstract

S. Yashiro, G. Michalek, and N. Gopalswamy

Annales Geophysicae, 26, 3103-3112, 2008

Abstract

Nat Gopalswamy

Accepted for publication in the Proc. of 7th IGPP Astrophysics Conference, Kauai, HI, March 7-13, 2008.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, S. Akiyama, P. Makela, H. Xie, M. Kaiser,
R. Howard, and J.-L. Bougeret

Annales Geophysicae, Vol. 26, Issue 10, p. 3033, 2008

Abstract

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, H. Xie, S. Akiyama, E. Aguilar-Rodriguez,
M. L. Kaiser, R. A. Howard, and J.-L. Bougeret

Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 674, p. 560, 2008

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

S. Yashiro, G. Michalek, S. Akiyama, N. Gopalswamy, and R. A. Howard

Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 673, p. 1174, 2008

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from arXiv.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Akiyama, S. Yashiro, G. Michalek, and R. P. Lepping

J. of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 70, pp. 245-253, 2008

Abstract

G. Michalek, N. Gopalswamy, and S. Yashiro

Solar Physics, Volume 246, Number 2, pp. 399-408

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from arXiv.

G. Michalek, N. Gopalswamy, and H. Xie

Solar Physics, Volume 246, Number 2, pp. 409-414, 2007

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from arXiv.

N. Gopalswamy

The high energy solar corona: Waves, eruptions, particles, Lecture Notes
in Physics 725, ed. K.-L. Klein and A. MacKinnon, p. 139-160, 2007

Abstract

Nat Gopalswamy

KODAI SCHOOL ON SOLAR PHYSICS, AIP Conference Proceedings, Volume 919, pp. 275-313, 2007.

Abstract

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, and S. Akiyama

JGR Space Physics, Vol. 112, A06112, doi:10.1029/2006JA012149, 2007

Abstract

See also NASA/ADS.

S.Akiyama, S. Yashiro, and N. Gopalswamy

Advances in Space Research, Vol 39, Issue 9, P. 1467, 2007

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a preprint.

Nat Gopalswamy

Space Science Reviews, Vol. 124, p145, 2006, DOI: 10.1007/s11214-006-9102-1

Abstract

N. Gopalswamy

in Proceedings of Nobeyama Symposium 2004, pp. 81-94, 2006

Abstract

G. Michalek, N. Gopalswamy, A. Lara, and S. Yashiro

Space Weather, Volume 4, Issue 10, CiteID S100003, 2006

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from arXiv.

G. Michalek

Solar Physics, Volumen 237, Issue1, pp.101-118, 2006

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from arXiv.

N. Gopalswamy

Sun and Geosphere (ISSN: 1819-0839), 1(2), 5-12, 2006

Abstract

Preface

The mission of the International Living with a Star (ILWS) program is to stimulate, strengthen, and coordinate space research to understand the governing processes of the connected Sun-Earth System as an integrated entity. Accomplishing this mission involves: (i) study of the Sun-Earth connected system and the effects which influence life and society, (ii) collaboration among potential partners in solar-terrestrial space missions, (iii) synergistic coordination of international research in solar-terrestrial studies, including all relevant data sources as well as theory and modeling, and (iv) effective and user-driven access to all data, results, and value-added products.

The ILWS program can be thought of as the culmination of various international collaborative efforts starting from the Apollo-Soyuz joint project undertaken in 1975 between the United States and the former Soviet Union. Some recent international collaborative missions such as Ulysses, Yohkoh, SOHO, ACE, Hinode, and STEREO have demonstrated the benefits of collaboration for the world scientific community. Currently the ILWS program has over 20 member agencies cooperating in the space missions and science activities. It is expected that between now and the year 2015, more than twenty new science missions of international cooperation will be flown to investigate various domains of importance to ILWS program and the physical processes that link them.

The 2006 ILWS workshop on Solar Influence on the Heliosphere and Earth's Environment: Recent Progress and Prospects is an effort to bring the international space weather and ILWS communities together to address the most critical research problems of solar variability and its impact on the human society. This workshop provided an opportunity to review the current status of our understanding of solar influence on the heliospace, identify promising new lines of research, and provide a venue to identify prospective paths for international cooperation. The scientific program of the workshop was inline with all the objectives of the ILWS program.

The workshop deliberations had programmatic sessions, plenary sessions, working group sessions, and poster sessions. The plenary sessions consisted of review papers that highlighted the current issues in understanding the physical processes from the Sun to the edge of the solar system. The working group sessions had more intense discussions on specific topics based on traditional disciplines of solarterrestrial physics: (1) solar-heliosphere, (2) magnetosphere, and (3) ionosphere-thermospheremesosphere. Plenary sessions also included discussions on the cross-disciplinary aspects of issues raised in the working groups. Finally, there was a panel discussion on future collaborations among members of the scientific community from different countries.

The papers collected in this volume represent a subset of papers presented in the workshop that serve as a record of the workshop proceedings. The review papers will be useful to researchers on solar-terrestrial physics to gain a quick update of the current issues. The contributed papers present original research work. Summaries of the three working group sessions are also included in the front material to serve as introduction to the papers included in this volume. Also included is a summary of the panel discussion on future collaborations.

Papers dealing with all aspects of solar and heliospheric physics are represented: helioseismology, solar atmosphere, solar eruptions (coronal mass ejections and flares), solar irradiance, solar wind, and heliospheric impact. Papers on theory, modeling, and future space missions are also included. Papers in the section devoted to the magnetosphere cover a range of topics including solar wind coupling to the magnetosphere, radiation belts and energetic particles, waves and fluctuations and their effects, stormsubstorm relationship, modeling and prediction, and new missions. In the section dealing with ionosphere, thermosphere, and mesosphere, the papers discuss a number of issues related to effects of solar variability on this region of geospace, observed using satellite and ground-based data including ground magnetometer observations, radio beacon studies of equatorial spread F, and modeling of some of these effects. Radar observations of the mesosphere-lower thermosphere region and a future mission to study the coupling of thunderstorm processes to this region, the ionosphere, and magnetosphere, are also described.

This volume would not have seen the light without the untiring help provided by V. Reddy, S. Singh, A. Kakad, B. Veenadhari, B. I. Panchal (all from Indian Institute of Geomagnetism) and S. Petty (Catholic University of America). Financial support from the Department of Science and Technology (India) and NASA s Living with a Star program enabled many key scientists participate in the workshop, which was organized by the Indian Institute of Geomagnetism. Specials thanks are due to J. Rumburg for creating the conference graphics and web site. Finally the editors are very grateful to the excellent conference arrangements made by the local organizing committee. The scientific organizing committee was responsible for selecting the best set of talks and posters, many of which are printed here.

Nat Gopalswamy

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Geenbelt, Maryland

Archana Bhattacharyya

Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Navi Mumbai India

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro and S. Akiyama

in "Solar Influence on the Heliosphere and Earth's Environment: Recent
Progress and Prospects",

ed. N. Gopalswamy and A. Battacharyya, Quest
Publications, Mumbai, p. 79, 2006.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

D. F. Webb and N. Gopalswamy

in "Solar Influence on the Heliosphere and Earth's Environment: Recent
Progress and Prospects",

ed. N. Gopalswamy and A. Battacharyya, Quest
Publications, Mumbai, p. 71, 2006.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

J. M. Davila, N. Gopalswamy and B. J. Thompson

in "Solar Influence on the Heliosphere and Earth's Environment: Recent
Progress and Prospects",

ed. N. Gopalswamy and A. Battacharyya,
Quest Publications, Mumbai, p. 231, 2006.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Geophysical Monograph Series 165, American Geophysical Union, p. ix, 2006, doi: 10.1029/165GM01

Preface

Research over the last three decades identifies coronal mass ejections (CMEs) as the most energetic events in the heliosphere. Although studies of solar energetic particle (SEP) events and nonthermal radio bursts have a longer history, the close connection between CMEs and energetic particles has become much clearer thanks to the large armada of spacecraft observing these phenomena since the mid-1990s. Indeed, understanding the most violent forms of solar eruptions -- CMEs, flares, and SEPs -- is of fundamental importance to the physics involved and our ability to predict and mitigate disruptive space weather episodes. Questions, of course, remain: We do not fully understand how CMEs and SEPs are accelerated but we do know that they affect space weather in several significant ways. The magnetized plasma of CMEs impacts Earth's magnetosphere, causing large geomagnetic storms. Energetic CMEs also drive shocks that accelerate electrons (observed as type II radio bursts) and ions (detected by spaceborne instruments). SEPs ionize the upper atmosphere, disrupting communications, driving atmospheric chemistry, while presenting a radiation hazard to humans and hardware in space.

This volume reviews extensive observations of solar eruptions and SEPs by instruments on board a number of spacecraft, including the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), Wind, the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE), the Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI), and the Transition Region and Coronal Explorer (TRACE). Highly sensitive coronagraphs on board SOHO image CMEs with unprecedented sensitivity. Several thousand CMEs have been observed, measured and cataloged for the current solar cycle, but only about 1% of these are associated with SEPs. Radio instruments on the Wind spacecraft obtain signatures of solar energetic electrons injected into the heliosphere within minutes of their release near the Sun and also track MHD shocks driven by CMEs. A majority of space instruments detect SEPs in situ and measure their elemental, ionic charge state, and isotopic compositions. Thus, it has become possible to link the evolution of SEP events to CME-driven shocks as they propagate from the Sun to geospace and beyond. In early 2002, RHESSI began complementing these observations with high-resolution imaging of x-rays and gamma rays from flares associated with these events. These multi-spacecraft, multi-instrument and multi-wavelength observations have raised more pointed questions about the origin, acceleration, and interplanetary propagation of SEPs. This volume records advances made in the understanding of solar eruptions with significant consequences in the heliosphere.

The volume is organized into five topical areas, with an introductory review of the early development and current state of CME and energetic particle studies. Topical areas include: CMEs, SEPs, connection to flares, associated phenomena, and space weather. In-depth reviews on solar eruptions and energetic particles also contain observational studies, discussion of theoretical developments, and modeling results. The papers on associated phenomena deal with flares, type II radio bursts, and shock waves. After considering the interplanetary propagation of CMEs and energetic particles, space weather implications are discussed, including the arrival of energetic particles at geospace and their impact on Earth's radiation belts. The review papers cover all important aspects of CMEs and energetic particles making the volume largely self-contained.

Most of the papers in this volume were presented at an AGU Chapman Conference, entitled "Solar Energetic Plasmas and Particles," held at the University of Turku, Finland, August 2-6, 2004. Several additional papers were solicited to make the volume as complete a survey of the subject as possible. Two experts provided peer review for each paper. The editors appreciate the constructive and timely reviews by many members of the international space weather, and Living with a Star, communities that have greatly enhanced the quality of this volume. Finally, the editors are very grateful for the excellent conference arrangements made by the local organizing committee headed by Eino Valtonen from the University of Turku.

Nat Gopalswamy

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

Richard Mewaldt

California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

Jarmo Torsti

University of Turku, Turku, Finland

N. Gopalswamy, R. Mewaldt, and J. Torsti

in Solar Eruptions and Energetic Particles, ed. N. Gopalswamy, R. Mewaldt,
and J. Torsti,

Geophysical Monograph Series 165, American Geophysical
Union, pp. 1-5, 2006, doi: 10.1029/165GM012

Abstract

Schwenn, R.; Raymond, J. C.; Alexander, D.; Ciaravella, A.; Gopalswamy,
N.; Howard, R.; Hudson, H.; Kaufmann, P.; Klassen, A.; Maia, D.;
Munoz-Martinez, G.; Pick, M.; Reiner, M.; Srivastava, N.; Tripathi, D.;
Vourlidas, A.; Wang, Y.-M.; Zhang, J.

Space Science Reviews, Volume 123, Issue 1-3, pp. 127-176, 2006

Abstract

Riley, Pete; Schatzman, C.; Cane, H. V.; Richardson, I. G.; Gopalswamy, N.

The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 647, Issue 1, pp. 648-653, 2006

Abstract

Lara, Alejandro; Gopalswamy, Nat; Xie, Hong; Mendoza-Torres, Eduardo;
Perez-Eriquez, Roman; Michalek, Gregory

Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume 111, Issue A6, CiteID A06107, 2006

Abstract

Nitta, Nariaki V.; Reames, Donald V.; DeRosa, Marc L.; Liu, Yang; Yashiro,
Seiji; Gopalswamy, Natchimuthuk

The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 650, Issue 1, pp. 438-450, 2006

Abstract

Aguilar-Rodriguez, E.; Blanco-Cano, X.; Gopalswamy, N.

Advances in Space Research, Volume 38, Issue 3, p. 522-527, 2006

Abstract

Wu, C. C.; Lepping, R. P.; Gopalswamy, N.

Solar Physics, Volume 239, Issue 1-2, pp. 449-460, 2006.

Abstract

N. Gopalswamy

in "Solar Extreme Events: Fundamental Science and Applied Aspects"
ed. A. Chilingarian and G. Karapetyan, Cosmic Ray Division, Alikhanyan
Physics Institute, Yerevan, pp. 20-24, 2006

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

S. Yashiro, S. Akiyama, N. Gopalswamy, and R. A. Howard

The Astrophysical Journal, 650, L143, 2006.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from NASA/ADS.

N. Gopalswamy, Z. Mikic, D. Maia, D. Alexander, H. Cremades, P. Kaufmann, D. Tripathi, and Y.-M. Wang

Space Science Reviews, Volume 123, Issue 1-3, pp. 303-339, 2006

Abstract

Gopalswamy, Nat; Akiyama, Sachiko; Yashiro, Seiji; Kasper, J.

Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 33, No. 11, L11108

Abstract

MacDowall, R.J.; Gopalswamy, N.; Kaiser, M.L.; Bale, S.D.; Demaio, L.D.;
Hewitt; J.N.; Kasper, J.C.; Lazarus, A.J.; Howard, R.E.; Jones, D.L.;
Reiner, M.J.; Weiler, K.W.

in From Clark Lake to the Long Wavelength Array: Bill Erickson's
Radio Science, ASP Conference Series, Vol. 345, ed.: Kassim, Namir E.;
Perez, Mario R.; Junor, William; Henning, Patricia A., p. 476, 2006

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from NASA/ADS.

Tomoko Nakagawa, Nat Gopalswamy, and Seiji Yashiro

J. Geophys. Res., 111, A01108, doi:10.1029/2005JA011249, 2006

Abstract

N. Gopalswamy

in "Solar Eruptions and Energetic Particles", Geophysical Monograph 165,
ed. N. Gopalswamy, R. Mewaldt, and J. Torsti, pp. 207-220,
doi:10.1029/165GM20, 2006.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy

J. Astrophys. Astron., 27, 243-254, 2006.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, B. Fleck and J. B. Gurman

Proceedings of Asia Pacific
Regional Conference of IAA "BRINGING SPACE BENEFITS TO THE ASIA REGION"
Editors: Mukund RAO & RLN MURTHY, ATRONAUTICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA,
BANGALORE, INDIA, 2005

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy

EOS 80, no. 50, 525, 2005

H. Xie, N. Gopalswamy, P.K. Manoharan, A. Lara, S. Yashiro, and S. Lepri

Jornal of Geophysical Research, Vol 111, Issue A1 Cite ID A01103.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, E. Aguilar-Rodriguez, S. Yashiro, S. Nunes, M. L. Kaiser, and R. A. Howard

JGR, Vol. 110, No. A12, A12S07, doi:10.1029/2005JA011158, 2005

Abstract

S. Yashiro, N. Gopalswamy, S. Akiyama, G. Michalek, and R. A. Howard

JGR, Vol. 110, No. A12, A12S05, doi:10.1029/2005JA011151, 2005

Abstract

E. Aguilar-Rodriguez, N. Gopalswamy,
R. MacDowall, S. Yashiro, and M. L. Kaiser

JGR, Vol. 110, No. A12, A12S08, doi:10.1029/2005JA011171, 2005

Abstract

N. Gopalswamy, H. Xie, S. Yashiro, I. Usoskin

in proceeding of 29th International Cosmic Ray Conference, Pune, 2005

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from NASA/ADS.

N. Gopalswamy, L. Barbieri, E. W. Cliver, G. Lu, S. P. Plunkett, and
R. M. Skoug

JGR, Vol. 110, No. A9, A09S00, doi:10.1029/2005JA011268, 2005

Abstract

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, Y. Liu, G. Michalek,
A. Vourlidas, M. L. Kaiser, and R. A. Howard

JGR, Vol. 110, No. A9, A09S15, doi:10.1029/2004JA010958, 2005

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file ( manuscript)

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, G. Michalek, H. Xie, R. P. Lepping, and
R. A. Howard

GRL, Vol. 32, No. 12, L12S09, doi:10.1029/2004GL021639, 2005

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, S. Krucker, and R. A. Howard

in proceeding of IAU Symposium No. 226, pp. 367-373, 2005

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from NASA/ADS.

What can be learned about forces governing the eruption?

B. Vrsnak, D. Rudjak, D. Sudar, and N. Gopalswamy

Astronomy and Astrophysics, 423, 717-728 (2004)

Abstract

S. Yashiro, N. Gopalswamy, E. W. Cliver, D. V. Reames, M. L. Kaiser, and
R. A. Howard

in *The Solar-B Mission and the forefront of Solar Physics*,
edited by T. Sakurai and T. Sekii,
ASP Conference Series, Vol 325, pp. 401-408, 2004

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from NASA/ADS.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, S. Krucker, G. Stenborg, and
R. A. Howard

Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, A12105, doi:10.1029/2004JA010602

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file (manuscript.

N. Gopalswamy

in "The Sun and the Heliosphere as an Integrated system", ASSL series,
ed. G. Poletto and S. Suess, KLUWER/Boston, Chapter 8, p. 201, 2004

Abstract

N. Gopalswamy

in Solar and Space Weather
Radiophysics, Current Status and Feature Development, ASSL series,
ed. D. Gary and C. Keller, Kluwer, p. 305, 2004

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

P.K. Manoharan, N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, A. Lara, G. Michalek,
and R. A. Howard (2004)

Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, A06109, doi:10.1029/2003JA010300

Abstract

See also NASA/ADS.

S. Yashiro, N. Gopalswamy, G. Michalek, O. C. St.Cyr,

S. P. Plunkett,
N. B. Rich, and R. A. Howard (2004)

Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, A07105, doi:10.1029/2003JA010282

Abstract

See also NASA/ADS.

N. Gopalswamy

Planetary and Space Science, Vol 52 (15), p. 1399, 2004

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

interplanetary space

A. Lara, J. A. Gonzalez-Esparza, and N. Gopalswamy

Geofisica Internacional, Vol. 43, Num. 1, pp. 75-82, 2004

Abstract

S. Dasso, N. Gopalswamy, and A. Lara

Geofisica Internacional, Vol. 43, Num. 1, pp. 47-52, 2004

Abstract

N. Gopalswamy, S. Nunes, S. Yashiro, And R. A. Howard

Adv. Space. Res., Vol. 34, Issue 2, p. 391-396, 2004

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, M. Shimojo, W. Lu, S. Yashiro, K. Shibasaki, and R. A. Howard

Adv. Space Res., Vol. 33, Issue 5, p. 676-680, 2004

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a MS-Word file.

G. Michalek, N. Gopalswamy, and S. Yashiro

ApJ, Volume 584, Issue 1, pp.472-478, 2003

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from a NASA/ADS.

N. Gopalswamy, P. K. Manoharan, and S. Yashiro

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 30, NO. 24, 2232, doi:10.1029/2003GL017562, 2003

Abstract

See also NASA/ADS.

N. Gopalswamy, A. Lara, S. Yashiro, And R. A. Howard

The Astrophysical Journal, 598, L63, 2003

Abstract

See also NASA/ADS.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, M. L. Kaiser, and R. A. Howard

Adv. Space. Res., Vol 32, Issue 12, p. 2613-2618, 2003

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, A. Lara, S. Yashiro, S. Nunes, and R. A. Howard

Proceeding of Solar Variability as an input to the Earth's Environment, ESA-SP, p. 403-414, 2003

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Nat Gopalswamy, Seiji Yashiro, Guillermo Stenborg, and Russell Howard

Proceeding of 28th International Cosmic Ray Conference, p. 3549, 2003

Abstra#t

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from NASA/ADS.

N. Gopalswamy

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 30, NO. 12, 8013, doi:10.1029/2003GL017277, 2003

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from GRL site as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, A. Lara, M. L. Kaiser, B. J. Thompson,
P. T. Gallagher, and R. A. Howard

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 30, NO. 12, 8015, doi:10.1029/2002GL016435, 2003

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from GRL site as a pdf file.

A. Lara, N. Gopalswamy, S. Nunes, G. Munoz, and S. Yashiro

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 30, NO. 12, 8016, doi:10.1029/2002GL016481, 2003

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from GRL site as a pdf file.

R. J. MacDowall, A. Lara, P. K. Manoharan, N. V. Nitta, A. M. Rosas, J. L. Bougeret

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 30, NO. 12, 8018, doi:10.1029/2002GL016624, 2003

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded from GRL site as a pdf file.

S. Yashiro, N. Gopalswamy, G. Michalek, and R. A. Howard

Advances in Space Research, 32(12), pp. 2631-2635, 2003

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, G. Michalek, M. L. Kaiser, R. A. Howard, R. Leske, T. von Rosenvinge, and D. V. Reames

Solar Wind X, ed. M. Velli, AIP Conf., Vol. 679, pp. 608-611, 2003

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, M. Shimojo, W. Lu, S. Yashiro, K. Shibasaki, and R. A. Howard

The Astrophysical Journal, Vol 586, pp 562-578, 2003.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy

Adv. Space Res., Vol. 31, Issue 4, p. 869-881, 2003

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, G. Michalek,

The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 572, Issue 1, pp. L103-L107, 2002.

Abstract

See also NASA/ADS

N. Gopalswamy

in Solar-Terrestrial Magnetic Activity and Space Enviroment, COSPAR Colloquia Series, Vol. 14, edited by H. N. Wang and R. L. Xu, p. 157, 2002.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file or a MS-Word file.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, G. Michalek,

in Solar-Terrestrial Magnetic Activity and Space Enviroment, COSPAR Colloquia Series, Vol. 14, edited by H. N. Wang and R. L. Xu, p. 173, 2002.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file or a MS-Word file.

N. Gopalswamy

in the Proc. of the Silver Jubilee Symposium of the Udaipur Solar Observatory, in press, 2002.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

Nat Gopalswamy, Seiji Yashiro,

Geophysical Research Letters, 29(8), 10.1029/2001GL013606, 2002

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

See also GRL Web page

N. Gopalswamy and M. L. Kaiser

Advances in Space Research, Volume 29, Issue 3, p. 307-312.

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

See also NASA ADS Service

N. Gopalswamy

Space Weather Study Using Multipoint Techniques, Proceedings of the COSPAR Colloquium held in Pacific Green Bay, Wanli, Taipei, Taiwan, 27-29 September, 2000. Edited by Ling-Hsiao Lyu. Pergamon Press, 2002., p.39

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, M. L. Kaiser, R. A. Howard, and J.-L. Bougeret

Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 106 , No. A12 , p. 29,219 (2001)

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

See also
NASA ADS Service

N. Gopalswamy, A. Lara, S. Yashiro, M. L. Kaiser, and R. A. Howard

Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 106 , No. A12 , p. 29,207 (2001)

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

See also
NASA ADS Service

Global picture of solar eruptive events

N. Gopalswamy

Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 106 , No. A11 , p. 25,135 (2001)

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

See also NASA ADS Service

N. Gopalswamy, A. Lara, M. L. Kaiser, and J.-L. Bougeret

Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 106 , No. A11 , p. 25,261 (2001)

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

See also NASA ADS Service

N. Gopalswamy, O. C. St. Cyr, M. L. Kaiser, and S. Yashiro

Solar Physics, v. 203, Issue 1, p. 149-163 (2001)

Abstract

A preprint of this paper can be downloaded as a pdf file.

See also NASA ADS Service

Gopalswamy, N.; Yashiro, S.; Kaiser, M. L.; Howard, R. A.; Bougeret, J.-L.

The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 548, Issue 1, pp. L91-L94.

Abstract

Full article of this paper can be downloaded as a
pdf file
form the web site of Astrophysical Journal.

See also
NASA ADS Service